Allergic rhinitis: From symptoms to diagnosis and prevention — all you need to know

To perceive how one can handle allergic rhinitis, it wants to be understood what this situation actually is. Also generally often called ‘hay fever’, allergic rhinitis is a type of allergic response which will happen upon inhaling tiny airborne particles known as allergens by the nostril or mouth, explains Dr Vijay Verma of the division of ENT, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram.

According to him, sufferers with allergic rhinitis have symptoms together with nasal congestion, sneezing, ear blockage and respiratory difficulties, itchy eyes and nostril, and sore throat; it’s comparatively widespread and can have an effect on all age teams.

“It can trouble you with seasonal change or throughout the year. Allergic rhinitis usually has a family history. It may be caused by exposure to certain allergens frequently present in our immediate internal and external settings — dust mites, plants, mold, insects. Even pigeon droppings can cause allergies. It is also seen in some patients of asthma,” he says.

How is it identified?

According to Dr Verma, diagnosis is completed by a medical examination and medical and household historical past evaluation. Accordingly, symptoms are monitored over time to establish allergy triggers.

“Certain tests are recommended, including the skin prick test method followed by a serum-specific blood test. However, the skin prick test is the most reliable and fast method, based on which immunotherapy can be considered.”

Can it’s prevented?

“Allergic rhinitis is not contagious and persists with continued exposure to allergens. Primarily, limiting or eliminating exposure is a recommended approach for both prevention and cure,” the physician says.

He provides that straightforward prevention measures embrace sustaining cleanliness in environment and personal hygiene — washing fingers after contact with fur animals, maintaining minimal rugs and carpets, and avoiding smooth toys over the mattress. Mattress publicity to daylight can cut back mud mites’ publicity, too.

“However, complete removal of exposure is not possible. Allergic rhinitis can be managed by medicines in the form of tablets and nasal sprays,” he concludes.

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