Coronaviruses (CoV) are a family of viruses that cause disease in humans, ranging from the common cold to severe respiratory syndrome such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SAR-CoV). .
The new 2019 coronavirus (COVID-19), which was now officially renamed as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified in Wuhan, China, in late 2019.
It is identified as the seventh member of the coronavirus that affects humans. This new virus is spreading from person to person in 90 countries and territories, of which 80% of cases are in China. It has affected thousands, with an increasing number of deaths of more than 3,390.
In this article, we have answered all possible questions about coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Have a look.
Q: Where do coronaviruses come from?
Coronaviruses are common in both humans and animals. There is a wide range of animals known to be the source of the coronavirus.
For example, SAR-CoV was transmitted from civet cats, and MERS-CoV originated from camels.. However, animal coronaviruses that affect humans are quite rare. Sometimes coronaviruses that affect animals can be transmitted to humans, evolving into a new coronavirus, such as the new coronavirus, 2019.
Q: How is COVID-19 spread? It’s contagious?
Yes, it is contagious. COVID-19 can be spread from person to person through respiratory droplets. When an infected person coughs or sneezes, if the drops fall into the mouth or nose of close people (who are in close contact, less than 6 feet), there is a good chance they are exposed to the COVID-19 virus.
You can also be exposed to COVID-19 by coming in contact with a surface or object that has the virus. Fortunately, unlike other highly communicable diseases, this virus cannot stay in the air for long.
Currently, there are no investigations to confirm its spread through food. Due to its poor survivability, this virus may not spread from food products or other items that are shipped for days or weeks or that are consumed after long hours.
The incubation period (time between exposure to the virus and the arrival of symptoms) for COVID-19 is estimated between 2-14 days.
This virus can spread easily in communities, and for every infected person, two other people can get the infection if they don’t practice hand hygiene and other preventive measures.
Q: What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
Symptoms of this infection
The current symptoms of this infection are described as having flu-like characteristics. These symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.
- Difficulty breathing
Call your doctor immediately if you develop these symptoms and have been in contact with an infected person. If you have traveled from an area that has COVID-19 spread, visit your doctor immediately.
The most critical cases can develop symptoms similar to pneumonia, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome. People with a chronic illness are vulnerable to serious illness.
Q: How is COVID-19 diagnosed?
Your healthcare provider can determine if your symptoms are explained by other causes or by COVID-19. If laboratory tests are confirmed, your healthcare provider will collaborate with your state health officials to collect clinical samples for diagnosis.
Q: How to protect yourself from COVID-19
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the best way to avoid this virus is by following some basic preventive measures that can control the spread of COVID-19. They include:
- Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Do this as often as you can, especially after coughing, before eating, after using the bathroom, and after any contact with animals.
- Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains a minimum of 60% alcohol.
- Refrain from touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with your hands without washing.
- Keep at least 6 feet away from infected people.
- Avoid going to public meetings. Stay home as much as possible.
- Always cover your sneeze and cough with a disposable tissue and throw it away immediately.
- Keep your things clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- Practice food security. Use cutting boards and separate meat utensils. Wash your hands after touching raw meat.
- Comply with these rules while traveling.
- Clean any object you touch a lot. Use disinfectants on objects such as phones, computers, and door knobs. Use soap and water for things you cook or eat with, like utensils and dishes.
Q: What is the best hand washing technique?
According to the CDC, regular hand washing can prevent the spread of various diseases.
An effective hand washing technique involves 5 steps.
- Wet: wet your hands.
- Foam: After applying the soap, rub your hands together and lather between your fingers and the back of your hands.
- Scrub: Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds.
- Rinse – Rinse well with warm water.
- Dry: dry your hands with a towel.
If you have spent time in any of the current affected areas:
- Stay home for 15 days.
- Do not travel by public transport.
- If it shows even the mildest symptoms, visit your healthcare provider right away (call ahead before visiting the doctor).
Q: What precautions should people who are in close contact with a symptomatic person take?
According to the CDC and the WHO, you should follow these precautions if you are in contact with an affected person.
- Control your health
- Monitor the person’s symptoms.Hous
- ehold members should stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom, if available.
- Do not encourage visitors.
- Do not allow pets to approach the patient.
- Perform strict hand hygiene.
- Disinfect surfaces frequently.
- Wear disposable gloves and masks.
- Avoid sharing household items with the patient.
- Change the bedding regularly and don’t let it touch you.
Discuss any additional guidelines with the healthcare provider.
Q: What treatments are available for COVID-19?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there is currently no specific treatment for COVID-19. People with COVID-19 should receive immediate attention to help control symptoms.
If you think you are exposed to COVID-19, visit your healthcare provider right away. For severe cases of COVID-19, treatments include high-intensity support for vital organ functions. First-hand treatment includes immediate isolation and the implementation of appropriate infection prevention and control measures (IPC).
Q: How long does COVID-19 last?
Most people affected with COVID-19 can recover in 2-3 weeks. However, the recovery time varies from person to person, depending on their immunity levels. People with pneumonia take longer to recover. In critical cases, it can take months to recover or the person can die.
Q: Will heat kill COVID-19?
COVID-19 is believed to survive up to four days on surfaces. Some researchers say that the survival of these viruses could be reduced during the summer. However, there is currently no data on how heat can affect the virus.
Q: Does a mask protect you from the coronavirus?
The CDC does not recommend that healthy people wear a face mask to protect themselves from COVID-19. If you are not infected, you do not need to wear a mask. You only need to wear a mask if you are caring for an infected person. The purpose of a face mask is to prevent the spread of the disease to others.
Q: How to put on a mask?
- Wash your hands with an alcohol-based disinfectant before putting on the mask.
- Cover your nose and mouth with the mask.
- Make sure you don’t leave gaps between your face and the mask.
- Do not reuse disposable skins.
Q: What is the current death rate from the coronavirus?
The World Health Organization estimates a mortality rate of 3.4% as of March 3, 2020.
Q: COVID-19 in babies: are children at risk?
There is no evidence that children are at risk for this virus. Most confirmed cases, as of now, are seen in adults. Very few young children are reported to have COVID-19. However, to be safe, children are advised to practice general preventive measures.
Q: Which age group is most at risk?
According to the WHO, middle-aged people have a higher risk of contracting COVID-19. Very few cases are detected in children under 10 years of age.
Q: Am I at risk?
The CDC has established the following risk categories:
- High risk: if you have traveled from Hubei, China, Iraq and Italy, or if you are in close contact with an infected person.
- Medium risk – Travelers from other minor generalized countries.
- Low risk: children under 10 years old.
If you meet any symptomatic individuals or experience any of the symptoms discussed in this article, visit your healthcare provider immediately.