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In India, cases of infection with the corona virus are increasing. So far, over 1200 people have been confirmed afflicted and 32 have died. The matter has become more serious since hundreds of people from the Tablagi Jamaat were found in Nizamuddin’s Markaz Building in Delhi. There were 1500 to 1700 people present here, many of whom have been found to have symptoms like corona virus. The incident poses a risk of further infection of the corona virus. The government is constantly trying to stop the third phase of infection i.e. community transmission. For this, a lockdown of 21 days has also been done in India.
Along with this, the shortage of medical equipment is also being addressed. In view of severe cases of corona virus, ventilators have also been arranged. Ministry of Health has ordered Bharat Electronics Limited to manufacture 30,000 ventilators. Noida’s AgVa Healthcare has been ordered to manufacture 10,000 ventilators a month. Their supply will start from the second week of April.
In addition, automobile manufacturers have also been asked to make ventilators. At the same time, according to the Ministry of Health, more than 14,000 Kovid-19 out of ventilators in various hospitals of the country have been installed for patients. The ventilator helps patients whose condition is critical to save their life. When is the ventilator needed and how ready is India to supply it in the coming times?
A ventilator is a machine that helps a patient’s breathing. It releases oxygen into the lungs and removes carbon dioxide. The ventilator is also called a life saving machine because it is used when the lungs of the patient greatly reduce functioning. It can also be used before surgery.
The ventilator machine has a tube that is inserted into the body through a small cut in the patient’s mouth, nose or throat. About 5 percent of patients in the treatment of Kovid 19 require critical care. Such people are admitted to the ICU for treatment.
According to the World Health Organization, 80 percent of Kovid 19 patients recover without treatment in hospital. However, one in six patients become seriously ill and have difficulty breathing.
In severe cases of infection with the corona virus, the virus begins to damage the lungs. Human lungs are the place in the body from where oxygen starts reaching the body and carbon dioxide is released out of the body.
If this virus enters the respiratory tract through your mouth and then reaches your lungs, then it creates small airsacs in your lungs. Water begins to freeze in small airsakes made by Corona. Due to this there is difficulty in breathing and you are not able to take long breath.
In this stage, the patient needs a ventilator. In this case, the ventilator delivers oxygen to the lungs. The ventilator also has a humidifier which incorporates heat and humidity in the air and keeps the body temperature normal.
Dr. Dhruv Chaudhary, president of the Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine (ISCCM), says, “Corona can treat three categories of patients infected with the virus. The first is the category in which the patient has mild symptoms such as a cold. This includes quarantine at home. Are told to live in. “
“There is no need to admit to the hospital. In the second category, there is high fever and difficulty in breathing. Then the patient is admitted to the hospital and given oxygen. Lung damage occurs in the third category patients. This reduces the lung’s ability to deliver oxygen to the body. It is a condition of multi-organ failure. Therefore, the patient should be put on the ventilator. Receives. The machine is the lung of work. “
Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine general secretary, Dr. Srinivas Samvedam, states that there are between 80,000 and one lakh ventilators in government and private hospitals in India at present. Dr. Srinivas says, “If the disease progresses even at the speed of Italy, Saudi Arabia, then the number of existing ventilators may be reduced. But, India does not seem to have it. According to the figure now there are enough ventilators here. Are. When this figure reaches 10 thousand or 20 thousand then there will be little concern. “
“But, just as the government has done the lockdown and people are following social distancing, it will take two-three weeks to reach this figure and in the meantime the government will get the time to supply the necessary equipment. Not necessarily anyway The figure in India should be so high. However, in the meantime we should try to supply personal protection equipment, masks and ventilators. “
Usually, there is a fear among people about the ventilator. It is believed that returning from the ventilator is very difficult. In the case of corona virus what is the probability after arriving on the ventilator. Doctor Srinivas says that patients are cured even after coming on ventilator. In addition to corona virus, 70 to 85 percent of patients recover from other diseases. This percentage is slightly lower in corona virus.
According to Dr. Dhruv Chaudhary, the preparation of the government will depend on how many people get the infection and how severe it is. However, we should adopt a practical approach to ventilators. The ventilator is a part of the arrangements we have to deal with the corona virus, it is not everything.
Dr. Chaudhary says, “80 out of 100 patients of corona virus need treatment at home. It is estimated that 4 to 5 of the remaining 20 people need ventilators. Instead we need personal protection Health workers engaged in equipment, masks and patient care are most needed. Ventilators are needed for some patients but safety equipment and nurses and doctors You must also ensure the safety of the must for every patient. We day treatment-night working doctors, nurses and cleaners. “