Education

In pandemic year, 88% school kids got access to smartphones in Punjab, 82% in Haryana

Written by Divya Goyal
| Ludhiana |

October 30, 2020 1:49:42 am





With smartphones rising as a key software for imparting schooling in instances of the pandemic, the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) for Rural India performed amid an unprecedented school shutdown has revealed that just a little above 88 per cent youngsters surveyed in Punjab (authorities & non-public colleges mixed) had access to smartphones, in contrast to 90 per cent in Himachal, 82.3 per cent in Haryana and simply 77.1 per cent in Jammu and Kashmir.

In the report, Kerala emerged on the prime with 94.3 per cent youngsters having access to smartphones, whereas for West Bengal this determine was simply 47.4 per cent inserting it on the backside of the desk among the many states surveyed.



Focus on distant studying

The annual report — ASER 2020 (Rural, Wave 1) — by the ASER Centre, the autonomous analysis and evaluation unit Pratham Education Foundation, was launched Wednesday. It is the primary ever phone-based ASER survey.

Conducted in September 2020 amid the Covid-19 pandemic and lockdown when colleges remained closed for at the least six months, the survey explored provision of and access to distance schooling mechanisms, supplies and actions for youngsters in rural India, and the methods in which youngsters and households are partaking with these distant studying alternate options from their houses.

ASER 2020 was performed in 26 states and 4 Union Territories. It reached a complete of 52,227 households and 59,251 youngsters in the age group of 5-16 years, in addition to academics or head academics from 8,963 authorities colleges providing main grades.

In Punjab, the survey was performed protecting 595 villages from 20 districts and a couple of,434 households had been surveyed with info collected by way of telephone calls. A complete of two,010 youngsters had been reached from 5-16 years of age in Punjab. Among these, those that had been enrolled in colleges included 315 from Class 1-2, 475 from Class 3-5, 536 from Class 6-8 and 516 from Class 9 to 12.

Further, 1.5 per cent youngsters from age 6-14 and 1.8 per cent youngsters from age 7-16 had been discovered not enrolled in any colleges in Punjab.

What survey reveals for Punjab

The highlights for the survey consequence in Punjab confirmed that total 88.4 per cent of the youngsters surveyed had smartphones in their households.

The variety of youngsters having access to smartphones in Punjab has considerably elevated from 2018, the report identified. While in 2018, solely 47.3 per cent youngsters from authorities colleges and 79.8 per cent from non-public colleges had access to smartphones (total 64.3%), this determine has elevated to 83.3 per cent for presidency school college students and 93.7 per cent for personal school college students (total 88.4 per cent) in 2020. This improve is primarily indicating the necessity of smartphones for schooling that arose due to Covid-19 and research going surfing.

Further, 18.1 per cent of kids had dad and mom in ‘low’ schooling class (the place dad and mom have accomplished Class 5 or much less or no education).

Of these 18.1 per cent youngsters, 75.8 per cent lived in households with smartphones and 79.5% had been enrolled in authorities colleges.

Another 45.6 per cent had dad and mom in the ‘medium’ schooling class. Of this, 86.4 per cent lived in households with smartphones and 59.1 per cent had been enrolled in authorities colleges. For the 36.3 per cent youngsters with dad and mom in the ‘high’ schooling class, 97.3 per cent had access to smartphones and solely 24.7% out of them had been enrolled in authorities colleges.

Interestingly, the access to tv amongst college students has declined. While in accordance to ASER 2018, 95.7 per cent youngsters had access to televisions in their houses, it has declined to 89 per cent in Punjab in 2020. Access to a motorcar is nearly the identical as in 2018 at 77.6 per cent.

Access to examine materials in Covid 12 months

Also, 96.1 per cent college students in Punjab from authorities colleges and 95.9 per cent from non-public colleges had been discovered having access to their textbooks for the present grade.

In one other fascinating statistic, 73.8 per cent youngsters in Punjab enrolled in colleges had been discovered receiving assist from relations whereas finding out at residence, together with 67.8 per cent in authorities colleges and 79.9 per cent in non-public colleges.

In Punjab, a complete of 87.6 per cent youngsters had been discovered receiving examine materials together with 87.1 per cent from authorities colleges and 88.1 per cent from non-public colleges.

Of this, whereas 94.4 per cent acquired examine materials by way of WhatsApp, 10.4 per cent got by telephone calls, 7.9 per cent by private visits and 5.1 per cent by different mediums. Overall, 93.7 per cent youngsters from authorities colleges and 95.1 per cent from non-public colleges got the fabric by WhatsApp.

For the youngsters who had been enrolled in colleges however nonetheless didn’t obtain examine materials in Punjab through the lockdown, dad and mom listed a number of causes comparable to colleges not sending materials, no access to smartphone or web, connectivity/community points and others.

Contact with academics takes a success

Households had been additionally requested about contact of their youngsters with the academics throughout lockdown.

In Punjab, of kids enrolled in authorities colleges, 74.9 per cent youngsters’s academics had visited or known as the dad or mum/little one, and 60 per cent youngsters or their dad and mom had visited or known as the instructor. Of those that had no contact, 61.9 per cent youngsters/dad and mom and academics had known as or visited one another at the least as soon as for the reason that lockdown started to talk about studying supplies/actions or little one’s progress/wellbeing.

Similarly, 74.7 per cent youngsters’s academics and oldsters had contacted one another at the least as soon as for the reason that lockdown started for administrative functions. Overall for each authorities and personal school college students in Punjab, 71 per cent youngsters’s academics visited/known as their dad or mum or little one through the reference week when the survey was performed.

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