Education

QS rank: Indian schools slip, including 10 of Eminence

Written by Ritika Chopra

IIT-Bombay maintains its position as the top university in the country, followed by IISc-Bangalore, IIT-Delhi, IIT-Madras, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Roorkee, IIT-Guwahati, University of Delhi and IITs – Includes Hyderabad.

Most of India’s top higher education institutions have slipped into the latest edition of the Quacklerelli Symonds (QS) World University Rankings (WUR), released on Wednesday, which includes at least 10 which were marked by the government under the Institution of Eminence (IoE) it was done. Plan.

IOEs in the rank in the last 12 months include IIT-Delhi, IIT-Madras, IIT-Kharagpur, IISc-Bangalore, University of Delhi, Hyderabad Central University, Manipal Higher Education Academy (MAHE), Birla Institute of Technology. And Science, Pilani (Bits-Pilani), Anna University and Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) (see box).

Overall, 21 Indian universities and institutes have ranked in the world’s top 1,000 this year, compared to 25 last year. IIT-Bombay maintains its position as the top university in the country, followed by IISc-Bangalore, IIT-Delhi, IIT-Madras, IIT-Kharagpur, IIT-Kanpur, IIT-Roorkee, IIT-Guwahati, University of Delhi and IITs – Includes Hyderabad.

14 out of 21 have come in the rank and only four – IIT-Guwahati, IIT-Hyderabad, OP Jindal University and Savitribai Phule University of Pune have improved their position. Private IoE BITS-Pilani and VIT are among the four institutions that have been dropped from the top 1,000 universities. Last year, he was placed in the band 801–1000.

The IoE scheme, a pet project of the Prime Minister’s Office launched under the NDA-II government, aimed at helping 10 public and 10 private institutions break the top 500 ranks globally in a decade and eventually a private Architecture has to be prepared. Top 100.

IOE is proposed to have more autonomy than other higher education institutions and in addition to autonomy to 10 government institutions, it is also proposed to get Rs 1,000 crore from the HRD Ministry in five years.

The low ranks achieved by the public eye are important as they were selected for the status of ‘Eminence’ along with other criteria based on their performance in the QS WUR.

Although the first installment of selected institutions for ‘Eminence’ status was announced in 2018, public institutions have not been able to make much progress as they have only received a quarter of the funds made by the government for 2018-19 and 2019-20

As reported by The Indian Express on 21 November last year, IIT-Delhi, IIT-Bombay and IISc expressed concern over the pace of funding by the Ministry of Human Resource Development under the scheme. This problem was discussed again in the meeting of all IoE convened by HRD minister last week.

The ranking agency attributes the internationalization of Indian institutions and the low-level “retrograde performance” of the faculty-student ratio. “Universities in India continue to record lower levels of internationalization and higher class sizes, which is preventing better performance. While Indian Institutes of Technology perform well in our prestigious and research matrix, they also receive low scores – when compared globally – for teaching competence and internationalization levels, “Jack N. Moran, public relations executive with QS , In response to the email, wrote “Indian Express.

A senior faculty member who held an administrative position at IIT-Delhi, who spoke on condition of anonymity, agreed that IITs need to work on internationalization, but at the same time “lack of metric I expressed dismay at how ranking agencies scored institutions against their metrics “. .

“Every year, we have worked on their feedback based on our data. IIT-Delhi has hired new faculty and improved its faculty-student ratio. This year we gave them a comprehensive list of foreign academics they can get for reputation or perception metrics. In fact, we were also told that the data we have provided this year is far superior to the data we have had in the past. Nevertheless, we have fallen in the rankings, ”the professor said.

IIT-Delhi dropped 11 places between 182 and 193 this year. According to Moran, the institute’s ranking in the last four editions of QS WUR has been due to declining performance of both academic reputation, per faculty, and internationalization indicators of QS.

In April, seven IITs – Mumbai, Delhi, Kanpur, Guwahati, Madras, Roorkee and Kharagpur – collectively decided to drop out of the Times Higher Education World Rankings this year on issues of “transparency” in ranking standards.

“It is foolish to argue the change of some positions in the rankings. I don’t think we should worry about that, ”said an IISc professor who did not want to be identified. The performance of IISc dropped by one rank this year. Due to slow funding by HRD Ministry, the teacher has got a lot of work planned by the institute under IOE scheme.

MAHE said it could not comment on its performance because it “has not received the full report from the QS world ranking agency”. Bits-Pilani did not respond to queries shared over email.

Globally, MIT is the number one university, followed by Stanford University and Harvard University. Although no Indian institution is in the top 100 in the world, 26 Asian universities have made it. Of these 26, six each from Mainland China and South Korea, five each from Hong Kong and Japan, two universities from Singapore and one each from Malaysia and Taiwan.

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