Health

Early respiratory infection in kids can lead to sleep apnea, suggests study

For the primary time, researchers at Children’s National Hospital have recognized the affiliation between early decrease respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and the event of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in kids.

For the primary time, researchers at Children’s National Hospital have recognized the affiliation between early decrease respiratory tract infections (LRTI) and the event of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in kids.

The findings of the study have been printed in the journal ‘Sleep’

Several beginning cohorts have outlined the pivotal function of early LRTI in the inception of pediatric respiratory situations. However, the affiliation between early LRTI and the event of OSA in kids had not been established.

Be vigilant about sleep apnea. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

“These results suggest that respiratory syncytial virus LRTI may contribute to the pathophysiology of OSA in children,” mentioned Gustavo Nino, MD, director of sleep medication at Children’s National.

The study additionally demonstrated that kids with a historical past of extreme RSV bronchiolitis throughout early infancy had greater than two-fold elevated odds of growing OSA through the first 5 years of life independently of different threat components.

“The results suggest that RSV LRTI may contribute to the pathophysiology of OSA in children, raising concern for the possibility that primary prevention strategies can hinder the initial establishment of OSA following early viral LRTIs,” mentioned Dr Nino.

Develop good sleeping habits in your little one

“Primary prevention of OSA in children would have a dramatic effect in reducing the increasing incidence of this condition and in preventing its detrimental effects on childhood health and beyond,” added Dr Nino.

The novel findings additionally elevate the chance that novel anticipatory methods and interventions can be developed to establish and stop the preliminary institution of OSA following viral respiratory infections throughout early infancy, offering a dramatic impact in decreasing the rising incidence of this situation and its a number of detrimental results on childhood well being and past.

“Our study offers a new paradigm for investigating mechanisms implicated in the early pathogenesis of OSA in the pediatric population,” mentioned Dr Nino.

sleep apnea
A glass of milk at evening can induces sleep. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Marishka Brown, PhD, director of the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research on the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), a part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), agreed.

“The findings from this study suggest that viral lower respiratory tract infections could predispose to the development of sleep-disordered breathing in later childhood,” Brown mentioned.

“More research to determine how these infections affect airway function could lead to a better understanding of how sleep apnea develops in pediatric patients,” Brown concluded.

This study contains funding assist from the NIH, together with the NHLBI.

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