Sugary drinks can increase risk of heart disease

Adults who consume at least one sugary drink a day are at greater risk of developing dyslipidemia. Sugar-coating does not give good results; There is a new evidence in case you have not yet believed it. A drink full of sugar may increase the risk of contracting heart diseases. The cause of death worldwide is none other than heart diseases, and it is expanding its reach to all age groups. The most important causes are physical inactivity, tobacco use and harmful use of alcohol, unhealthy diet, increased blood sugar and cholesterol levels.

Adults who consume at least one sugary drink a day have a greater risk of dyslipidemia, which increases their risk of heart diseases compared to those who do not. Sources that contribute most to the added sugars include soda, energy drinks and sports drinks. Foods like ready-to-eat cereals, cakes, ice cream also contain sugar. A study published in JAMA Internal Medicine has shown that a diet full of sugar can increase the risk of heart diseases even if the person is not overweight.

By fooling the body to shut down the hunger control system, consuming more amounts of sugar leads to weight gain, because calories from solid foods are more fulfilled than those obtained from liquid people. However, the distribution of “empty calories” (calories that are unacceptable by other nutrients, vitamins, fiber, and minerals) stimulates the liver to push more harmful fats into the blood. It has been clarified that people who consume diets with high sugar content have abnormal carbohydrate metabolism as well as abnormal blood sugar levels.

Insulin resistance and metabolism of glucose may predict future cardiovascular risk. Hyperinsulinemia acts as an independent risk factor for CHD. Insulin has been identified to promote the proliferation of smooth muscle cells and enhance lipogenesis, while an imbalance in glucose metabolism is a consequence of insulin resistance. Increased levels of insulin and insulin resistance have been found in diseases such as obesity, hypertension, and coronary artery disease. Chronic hyperglycaemia (due to imbalance in glucose metabolism) causes cell damage due to inflammatory response by oxidative stress. It works jointly with endothelial dysfunction, which is also associated with aberrant insulin signaling, to contribute to atherosclerotic plaque formation.

Subsequently, factors that promote insulin resistance or worsen glucose tolerance increase the risk of mortality related to heart disease and acute MI, doctors say.

Studies comparing heart health and mortality have noted that a diet with 25 percent or more calories from added sugars nearly triples the risk of mortality, compared to offering diets less than 10 percent of calories. .

“New research suggests that sugar-filled drinks can increase cholesterol levels, and may also reduce the amount of HDL (good) cholesterol in our body.” We need no more evidence to compromise the fact that sugary drinks should be avoided whenever possible. Short lifestyle choices can reflect one’s health in the long run.

BY Dr. Pramod Kumar
The columnist is Director and HOD, Interventional Cardiology, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh. Views expressed are the author’s own.

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