Health

Use of contraceptive pills can reduce diabetes among women with PCOS

Women with PCOS can be at a better threat of growing sort 2 diabetes, and this threat could possibly be mitigated utilizing contraceptive pills, signifies a brand new research.

Oral contraceptives are recognized to be one of commonest methods to handle signs of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Now a brand new research led by the University of Birmingham signifies that contraceptive pills can even reduce the danger of sort 2 diabetes by over 1 / 4 in women with the PCOS.

According to the analysis findings revealed within the journal Diabetes Care, women with PCOS are at twice the danger of growing sort 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes (dysglycemia). This presses the necessity to discover remedies to chop this threat, and a second research investigated the affect of the capsule on sort 2 diabetes or pre-diabetes. The scientists discovered that the use of mixed oral contraceptives decreased the chances of growing sort 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes in women with PCOS by 26 per cent.

PCOS is extra widespread among women than you assume. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

PCOS impacts 10 per cent of women worldwide, in line with experiences. Apart from the danger of sort 2 diabetes, it can additionally result in long-term points equivalent to endometrial most cancers, heart problems, and non-alcohol associated fatty liver illness (NAFLD).

The signs of PCOS embrace:
  • Irregular intervals or no intervals in any respect, which can result in fertility points
  • Many endure from undesirable hair progress, generally known as ‘hirsutism’ on the face or physique
  • Hair loss on the scalp
  • Oily pores and skin or zits
  • These signs are brought on by excessive ranges of hormones referred to as androgens within the blood of women with PCOS.

Weight acquire can also be a standard symptom of PCOS, and the cells within the physique of women with the situation, are sometimes much less conscious of insulin – the hormone that enables the physique to soak up glucose (blood sugar) into the cells for power.

This can result in elevated blood glucose ranges and can trigger the physique to make extra insulin, which in flip causes the physique to make extra androgens. The androgens additional improve insulin ranges.

PCOS and contraceptive pills
Birth management pills are sometimes prescribed to handle PCOS signs. Image Courtesy: Shutterstock
PCOS and diabetes

As PCOS and diabetes are intently interconnected, it is suggested that women with PCOS ought to bear screening for sort 2 diabetes, says Dr Uma Vaidyanathan, a senior advisor at obstetrics and gynaecology division, Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh.

Here are some signs of diabetes to look out for
  • Unexplained tiredness
  • Blurry imaginative and prescient
  • A frequent urge to urinate, significantly at evening
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased starvation
  • Dark patches on the pores and skin
  • Cuts that tends to take longer time to heal
  • Numbness within the palms or ft
  • Use of contraceptive pills to reduce threat of sort 2 diabetes in women with PCOS

Also Read: Struggling with PCOS? Try these exercises to handle the syndrome higher

PCOS and contraceptive pills
Obesity is an actual concern among women with PCOS, and can result in extra health-related points. Image courtesy: Shutterstock

Dr Michael O’Reilly, Health Research Board Emerging Clinician Scientist and Clinical Associate Professor at RCSI University of Medicine and Health Sciences, the joint first creator on the research, mentioned: “We hypothesise that the pill reduces the risk of diabetes by dampening the action of androgens. How does this work? The pill contains oestrogens which increase a protein in the blood called sex hormone-binding globin (SHBG). SHBG binds androgens and, thereby, renders them inactive. Thus, if the pill is taken, SHBG increases. This decreases the amount of unbound, active androgens, lowering their impact on insulin and diabetes risk.”

(With Inputs from ANI)

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