Robberies are a kind of issues that you just typically hear about on TV however consider, deep down, won’t ever occur to you. However, a fast search on Google News yields hundreds of outcomes of people that have not too long ago been robbed, typically in broad daylight. Some of those tales embrace a younger lady robbed at a yogurt store, a person robbed exterior a bar, a person robbed whereas moving into his automotive exterior his dwelling, and two girls robbed on their approach to church.
Robberies can occur wherever at any time. Knowing what thieves search for after they select their victims, and what you are able to do to make your self much less of a goal, might help you keep away from changing into a sufferer your self.
Robbery by the Numbers
The Bureau of Justice defines theft as “the completed or attempted theft, directly from a person, of property or cash by force or threat of force, with or without a weapon, and with or without injury.” It’s completely different from a dwelling break-in, wherein thieves enter your own home and take your possessions, with or with out a weapon, if you’re both dwelling or away.
The financial loss from theft could be very important. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reported in 2016 that the common theft loss was $1,190. While there was a slight uptick in robberies in recent times, total, they’re on the decline. According to the 2017 National Crime Victims’ Rights Week Resource Guide, personal theft has decreased by 67% since 1995.
So, nationwide, we’re at much less threat for theft then we have been 20 years in the past. However, the place you reside performs a major position in your threat of being robbed. According to knowledge compiled by Statista, California has essentially the most reported robberies of any state, with over 56,000 in 2017 alone. Other states with excessive situations of robberies embrace:
- New York
While you’re at a better threat in these states, and in any massive metropolis, theft can occur wherever, even in rural areas and small cities. Drug use performs a major position within the prevalence of crime, notably robberies, assaults, and dwelling break-ins. According to a 2007 report by the U.S. Department of Justice, 26% of victims of violence reported that the offender was utilizing medicine or alcohol. Additionally, 32% of state prisoners and 26% of federal prisoners reported that they’d dedicated their present offense whereas beneath the affect of medicine. If drug use is excessive in your space, then you definately’re at an elevated threat for theft or assault.
How to Avoid Getting Robbed or Mugged
No one needs to be a sufferer. Here’s what are you able to do to deter a possible attacker.
1. Stay With the Crowd
Pickpockets and scam artists love deciding on their victims out of a crowd; it makes it simple for them to swipe your valuables and then disappear right into a sea of faces with out anybody noticing. Robbers, alternatively, don’t need witnesses, so that they gravitate towards shadowy corners and unlit alleys.
Always stroll with a gaggle and keep in a crowded, well-lit space. Park your automotive beneath a avenue lamp and keep away from darkish streets and alleys.
2. Don’t Carry Valuables
Imagine you’re a thief casing out potential victims. Who would you moderately rob: a girl dripping in diamonds and carrying a $2,000 Louis Vuitton purse or the nondescript man carrying a worn backpack?
Thieves will discover should you’re carrying costly jewellery, sporting a luxurious watch, or carrying a high-end purse or briefcase. Your clothes and automotive additionally say so much about how a lot cash and valuables you is perhaps carrying. Yes, it’s good to have and use your costly objects, however accomplish that realizing that they could make you a goal.
3. Maintain Situational Awareness
Situational consciousness means being conscious of what’s occurring round you and asking your self if something or anybody might be a menace to your well being and security.
Situational consciousness is essential in army and legislation enforcement as a result of staying conscious of your environment is crucial for making sound selections throughout life-threatening conditions. In civilian life, nevertheless, most individuals don’t preserve any stage of situational consciousness. They’re listening to music or taking a look at their telephones with no clue of what’s occurring round them. We’ve all seen the YouTube movies of individuals falling down a sewer opening or tripping headfirst into moist concrete as a result of they’re gazing their telephones.
When you’re out and about, put away your cellphone and listen to what’s occurring round you. Look at every and each individual and decide in the event that they’re a possible menace. Look at their faces, their physique language, and their dress. Follow your intestine. Paying consideration to your environment can warn you to potential threats earlier than a battle happens and provide you with just a few treasured seconds to reply or get away.
4. Don’t Let Strangers Approach You
In 2017, the Today Show interviewed David Solano, who’s at present serving time for theft and estimates he’s mugged greater than 100 folks. He mentioned that when he was casing out a possible sufferer, he regarded to see in the event that they have been carrying a watch, and in the event that they have been, he requested them for the time. Or, he’d cease somebody and ask for instructions. The second they regarded down at their watch or began to take into consideration instructions, Solano would seize their wrist and twist their arm behind their again. Once he was in management, he’d seize their purse or pockets.
Don’t enable your self to turn out to be distracted by different folks. If somebody asks you for the time, ignore them or hold strolling. Don’t break your stride. It won’t be essentially the most courteous factor to do, but it surely might provide help to keep away from being robbed. If somebody asks you for instructions and you need to assist, preserve your distance whereas talking with them.
5. Don’t Look Like a Victim
Solano additionally admitted that he would goal anybody who he felt was “weak,” which included aged folks. That’s why it’s so vital to project a picture of energy utilizing your physique language. To do that:
- Keep your head up, not bowed.
- Look folks within the eyes.
- Stand up straight.
- Keep your shoulders again.
- Walk with objective, even should you’re lost. Don’t take small steps as it will make you look timid.
- Always appear like you recognize the place you’re going. Never stroll round with an open map.
- Keep your fingers seen; don’t put them in your pockets.
- When you’re standing nonetheless, take up space. Keep your toes broad aside as a substitute of shut collectively.
These delicate gestures and actions inform a possible attacker that you just’re robust and not afraid, and they’ll possible transfer on to somebody who appears extra like a simple goal.
When potential, at all times put on clothes that can enable you freedom of motion should you want to run or kick. High heels, for instance, is usually a liability should you’re attacked.
6. Know Where to Walk
Stay vigilant when turning corners as these are hazard zones, notably at evening. When you flip a nook, you’re coming into the road blind, particularly if you lower shut to a constructing. Attackers typically cover round corners to catch folks off guard.
When strolling, at all times preserve not less than a five-foot distance between a nook or the sting of a automotive. Walk on the sidewalk staying nearer to the road, placing far between your self and darkish alleys and doorways.
Last, at all times stroll going through visitors. When you stroll with visitors, somebody can pull up behind you and soar out of the automotive to assault, and you’ll by no means see them coming. When you’re going through visitors, nevertheless, you may at all times see what’s forward of you.
7. Take a Self-Defense Class
Sign up for a self-defense class to cut back your worry and enhance your confidence. When you’ve got the energy and data to shield your self and your loved ones, you received’t have to fear as a lot about changing into a sufferer. Martial arts that work effectively for self-defense embrace:
- Brazilian jiu-jitsu
- Mixed martial arts
- Russian Sambo
- Krav Maga
The energy and confidence you achieve from studying martial arts for self-defense can have a constructive affect in different areas of your life too. You’ll have extra vitality to play along with your youngsters, you’ll be extra assured at work, and you may even be much less afraid to pursue alternatives you wouldn’t have thought of earlier than.
8. Avoid ATMs
Thieves typically cover close to ATMs as a result of they’re a simple and fast supply of cash. They maintain somebody up at gunpoint, power them to withdraw massive quantities of money, and disappear in a flash. It’s a simple holdup as a result of persons are typically distracted on the ATMs, fumbling with their pockets or purse or in search of their debit card.
Avoid ATMs every time potential, particularly at evening. Make an effort to get the cash you want in the course of the day, ideally by going into the financial institution itself. Never use ATMs which can be off the crushed path or when you’ve got to go alone. If you utilize a drive-up ATM, pause earlier than you pull up, search for any suspicious exercise, and hold your doorways locked.
9. Do Your Homework Before You Travel
It ought to come as no shock that robbers, scam artists, and pickpockets like vacationers. They’re normally simple to pick in a crowd, they don’t know their approach round, they don’t know the way or the place to contact police, and they sometimes don’t communicate the native language.
If you’re planning a world journey, be sure to analysis the frequent kinds of theft overseas and search for the commonest scams and thefts for the world you’re visiting. Also, hold your money secure when touring by placing your pockets in your entrance pocket or carrying your purse round your torso, as a substitute of hanging off your shoulder the place it’s simpler to seize.
What to Do if You’re Robbed
If the worst occurs and you do find yourself a sufferer of a theft, right here’s what to do.
1. Escape the Situation & Call the Police
If you suppose somebody is following you and your intestine tells you one thing’s not proper, cross the road as quickly as you may. If the individual crosses after you, name the police.
If you may’t cross the road, then kneel abruptly along with your again to a wall and faux to tie your shoe. If the individual stops as effectively, name the police. You also can duck into an open business and name the police from inside.
2. Give Them What They Want
Typically, robbers solely need your cash and valuables. If you’re robbed, hold your head down and simply hand it over. Your life isn’t value no matter’s in your pockets. Never escalate the scenario with bodily violence until it’s completely essential.
The solely time violence is important is that if your attacker is attempting to power you to go elsewhere. In that case, combat again with the whole lot you’ve acquired. Your possibilities of survival drop drastically should you go to a distinct location, since this normally means the robber has extra sinister plans.
3. Pay Attention
While you’re being robbed, you’ll in all probability be terrified and pumped stuffed with adrenaline. However, it’s vital that you just preserve your situational consciousness and pay shut consideration to the thief. How tall are they? What are they carrying? Do they’ve any seen tattoos or scars? What shade is their hair? Their eyes?
Police will ask for this info, and the extra you may inform them, the better the chance they’ve of catching the robber.
4. Carry Mace
Mace or pepper spray is a really efficient deterrent in opposition to thieves, and you may decide up a canister for round $10 on Amazon. Most canisters have a spread of 4 to 10 toes, and some even embrace a dye that, when sprayed on an attacker’s face, will make them immediately recognizable to police.
However, Mace received’t do you any good if it’s buried in your purse or the glove field of your automotive. Keep the canister in your hand each time you’re strolling and be prepared to use it at a second’s discover.
5. Call Attention to Yourself
If you’re being robbed, you need to scream, yell, or make as a lot noise as potential. Robbers don’t need witnesses, and this typically makes them flee sooner.
That mentioned, it’s vital to understand that folks won’t come to your assist should you yell for assist. This is due to the bystander effect, which happens when a number of folks hear or witness an occasion however nobody takes motion as a result of they assume another person will accomplish that. According to an article revealed in UK Berkley’s Greater Good Magazine, it’s the delicate particulars of an emergency that always encourage some folks to take motion and assist whereas others merely stand by and watch. Social cues additionally play an infinite position in who takes motion and who doesn’t.
An incredible instance of this impact is a landmark 1968 examine by researchers Bibb Latane and John Darley revealed within the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. In this examine, researchers put contributors in a room and requested them to fill out questionnaires. Once the contributors started, smoke crammed the room. When the contributors have been alone, 75% of them left the room and reported the perceived emergency. However, when there have been two different folks within the room – who have been researchers in on the experiment – who confirmed no concern for the incoming smoke, solely 10% of contributors left to report the emergency.
The implications listed below are profound. It’s human nature not to intervene if nobody round us appears panicked. We’re social creatures and, by and massive, we comply with the pack. However, you may assist others overcome this tendency by being particular. Don’t simply yell, “Help!”; yell, “I’m being robbed! I need help!” Being particular helps bystanders overcome the belief that, regardless of what they’re listening to, the emergency isn’t actual.
If the folks round you’re merely watching the occasion happen, handle them personally. Look somebody within the eye, should you can, and yell, “You! Please help me!” This direct attraction can shake folks out of the idea that they shouldn’t assist or that it’s not their duty. The bystander impact influences all of us, and it’d take effort in your half to get others to act.
No one needs to take into consideration being robbed. However, utilizing just a few easy methods and altering your habits might help you keep away from changing into a sufferer.
Also, remember the fact that throughout particular occasions (resembling summer season concert events) or particular occasions of the year (such because the winter holidays), legal exercise typically will increase as a result of there are extra targets to select from. Be additional vigilant throughout these occasions, and at all times stroll with not less than one different individual.
Do you’ve got another ideas for lowering your threat of being robbed?