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Mahavir Jayanti 2022: Date, historical past, significance, celebration of Jain festival

Celebrated by the Jain group to look at peace, concord and to unfold the teachings of Mahavira, the twenty fourth Tirthankara of Jainism, Mahavir Jayanti marks the delivery anniversary of the founder of Jainism or Mahavir Janma Kalyanak and is one of essentially the most auspicious festivals for the Jain group. Jainism lays focuses on world peace and concord such that no or minimal hurt is dropped at dwelling creatures.

Jains imagine that Jainism is an everlasting (sanatan) faith (dharma) with the tirthankaras guiding each cycle of the Jain cosmology. Parasparopagraho Jīvānām (the operate of souls is to assist each other) is the motto of Jainism, whereas Ṇamōkāra mantra is the most typical and fundamental prayer in Jainism.

Date:

This year, Mahavir Jayanti might be celebrated on April 14, 2022.

History and significance:

It was on the thirteenth day within the month of Chaitra or the thirteenth day of waxing moon within the Chaitra month of Hindu calendar, that Mahavir was born in Kundalagrama in Bihar. He was born because the son of to King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. His delivery date, nonetheless, is usually debatable among the many Swetambar Jains, in keeping with whom he was born in 599 BC, whereas the Digambar Jains imagine he took delivery in 615 BC.

When he was 30 years previous, Mahavir renounced his crown, deserted all his worldly possessions in search of a religious path. He spent 12 years in exile as an ascetic, away from all worldly pleasures and meditated and led an austere life for round 12 years earlier than attaining ‘Kevala Jnana’ or omniscience therefore, was additionally known as Sage Vardhamana and preached non-violence (ahimsa). He acquired his identify for his distinctive management over his senses. Seeking fact and religious freedom, he went attained enlightenment (Nirvana) on the age of 72.

Mahavir believed in a preached ahimsa or non-violence, satya (fact), asteya (non-stealing), brahmacharya (chastity) and aparigraha (non-attachment). Mahavir’s teachings have been put collectively by his major disciple, Indrabhuti Gautama.

Celebrations:

Religious processions (rath yatra) are carried out on Mahavir Jayanti. Jain temples are embellished with flags and choices are given to the poor and needy. Donations are additionally made in an effort to contribute in direction of saving animals from slaughter.

On Mahavir Jayanti, a procession takes place with Mahavir’s idol on a chariot and folks recite non secular songs on the best way. On at the present time, the Jains all over the world have fun by doing charity, saying prayers and observing fasts, visiting Jain temples, conducting mass prayers and meditating.

The celebrations embrace consuming satvik meals, which incorporates freshly ready vegetarian meals made with out onion or garlic. Satvik diets don’t use these two root greens and are ready with minimal hurt to dwelling creatures.

 

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