The Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) on Monday introduced a brand new risk management framework (RMF) for the mutual fund (MF) trade. The framework prescribes procedures, risk management capabilities, roles and tasks to be adopted by the management.
“There should be at least one CXO level officer identified to be responsible for the risk management of specific functions of the MFs. AMC should have a Chief Risk Officer (CRO), who would be responsible for the overall risk management of the mutual fund operation including the key risks,” mentioned Sebi within the round.
The risk shall be divided into two broad classes: scheme-specific dangers and AMC-specific dangers. The scheme particular dangers shall be additional divided into funding risk, credit score risk, liquidity risk and governance risk. While for AMC regulators have prompt eight completely different classes like operational risk, outsourcing risk, expertise risk amongst others.
The credit score risk related to MFs is the issuer credit score risk attributable to particular person securities and the damaging outlook on particular sectors or industries and its consequent influence on the credit score exposures. To handle credit score risk, the AMC will need to have a strong framework comprising an accredited and documented Credit Risk Management coverage.
“Formal procedure for AMCs to carry out their own credit assessment of assets and reduce reliance on credit rating agencies. For this purpose, all AMCs shall have an appropriate policy and system in place to conduct an in-house credit risk assessment or due diligence of debt and money market instruments or products at all points of time,” mentioned Sebi.
All securities run the risk of not being saleable in tight market circumstances at or close to their actual values. Measuring and monitoring liquidity risk is a crucial side of risk management.
Liquidity Risk has to be modelled on the stage of every scheme (besides schemes that should not have steady liquidity necessities like shut ended and interval schemes) and may show alerts pertaining to asset legal responsibility mis-match on month-to-month foundation and consistent with another related pointers as specified by regulator on this regard from time to time.
“Stress testing should be mandatorily conducted for all schemes (excluding close ended and interval schemes) appropriately atleast on a monthly basis. The results of the stress testing may be placed before trustees in every quarter,” added Sebi in its round.
Regulator has additionally mentioned that the AMCs shall even be liable for the mis-selling achieved by the individuals related to promoting of mutual funds together with distributors.
With respect to expertise risk, there needs to be correct succession planning for recognized key positions. At no level of time the AMC is disadvantaged of the providers of any Key Managerial Person. AMCs could implement a remuneration coverage that forestalls extreme risk taking and likewise ensures retention of fine expertise.
The present risk management system shall be repealed from January 1, 2022, when the AMCs will want to adjust to the brand new RMF.