Auto enrolment to help broaden pension cover: Supratim Bandyopadhyay, chairman, PFRDA

Supratim Bandyopadhyay, chairman, PFRDA

With longevity of life growing to 75-80 years for common Indians, extra folks want to be initiated into pension merchandise by revolutionary methods similar to auto enrolment into schemes such because the National Pension System (NPS) on the time of becoming a member of an organisation, PFRDA chairman Supratim Bandyopadhyay tells Surya Sarathi Ray & Prasanta Sahu. Excerpts:

The National Pension System is tax-efficient and gives larger returns in contrast to different schemes. But an obvious disincentive, in accordance to a bit of potential subscribers, is that it doesn’t enable withdrawal of full corpus on the time of exit, like EPF.
NPS is a pension scheme. At the tip of the time period, if one is just not ready to present pension when he/she wants that, then the aim of the scheme is defeated. Lots of people due to hardship throughout pandemic withdrew money from EPFO. It is, after all, a help in tough instances. But the draw back is that retirement planning goes for a toss. Today an individual on the age of 60 could reside for one more 20 years, on a median.

Can an individual swap from EPFO to NPS?
EPFO is necessary the place the variety of staff are greater than 20 in an organisation and the wage of staff are lower than Rs 15,000/month. A number of organisations assume EPFO is the one choice. So, they make sure that their staff be a part of the EPFO. We have expertise of a few organisations, which weren’t coated beneath EPFO. They had shut to 1,000 staff. We gave them a presentation and so they checked with EPFO. Then, all of the 1,000 folks shifted to NPS. That is feasible.

How the NPS is panning out in rural areas?
Looking on the success of the Regional Rural Banks (intermediaries for NPS), in rural space additionally, the scheme is doing fairly effectively. Thanks to banking correspondents, 95% of the business is generated by the banking channels.

The authorities used to subsidise 50% of the contribution initially for Atal Pension Yojana (APY). Is there any plan to convey it again?
The scheme began on June 1, 2015. The subsidy was given to those that joined until March 31, 2016. The authorities contributed a most of Rs 1,000 in a single account in a year and the ability was there for 5 years. But some incentives are nonetheless there. For every APY subscriber, intermediaries get round Rs 120, and if the particular person doesn’t give up the scheme, there’s further incentive.

We have made a proposal for reintroduction of the subsidy scheme to the federal government. It is for the federal government to take a name on it.

Are you in favour of the concept of a common pension for the beneath poverty line folks?
APY can also be a contributory scheme, however the authorities provides assure that’s in case of a unstable market, if an individual’s funding doesn’t develop on the rate that was envisaged, then it should make sure that she get a minimal pension of Rs 1,000-5,000/month. We have prompt that the APY needn’t be remoted, let it not be remoted – can it’s mixed with two different merchandise – Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY). The concept is to have a bigger social safety scheme the place pension and insurance coverage converge.

Is there any plan for auto enrolment by institutions into pension schemes?
Auto enrolment was an announcement within the Parliament. Now the PFRDA Act is within the technique of getting amended. While discussions are on, remaining choice is but to be taken by the federal government.

Will auto enrolment begin with the company sector?
For some a part of the company sector, it’s already necessary. For instance, most public sector banks have made it necessary for his or her staff becoming a member of after a selected deadline. They gained’t get the advantage of the outdated pension scheme.

Are extra corporations becoming a member of as fund managers beneath NPS?
Currently, there are seven fund managers for NPS corpus. Three extra are within the technique of taking licence — Axis, Max Life Insurance and Tata Mutual Fund.

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