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Salaried? Know the changing tax implications resulting from ‘Work from Home’

The conventional workplace set-up has penetrated to house areas resulting in multitasking between private and workplace commitments.

By Pranay Bhatia and Deepashree Shetty

The pandemic has expanded the ‘Work from Home’ tradition to a number of organisations, and given the circumstances, it could last more. Consequently, the conventional workplace set-up has penetrated to house areas resulting in multitasking between private and workplace commitments.



Employers have ensured to increase assist to staff to make the work atmosphere conducive – versatile working hours, digital conferences, reimbursement of sure bills, grant of extra allowances or advantages, prolonged medical coverages, and many others. These are important throughout such important instances, affirming an worker’s loyalty in assembly enterprise goals. But such goodwill gestures might have cautious consideration by staff from their income-tax perspective.

Taxation influence on worker emoluments

Salary and emoluments earned by an worker in India are taxable as per Indian tax legal guidelines. However, there are particular funds that are eligible as deductions for tax functions. For occasion, House Rent Allowance (HRA) is topic to deductions based mostly on prescribed standards. Some funds are additionally handled as tax-exempt as much as prescribed limits equivalent to youngsters training allowance and many others. However, a few of the funds could must be studied intimately to achieve perception on the objective of fee and declare applicable tax place whereas being compliant with the strategies and documentation urged as per the IT legal guidelines.

Additional allowances to satisfy bills equivalent to cell phone to take official calls and web bills shall be handled as tax-exempt for workers. These are offered to conduct workplace work from a spot away from the typical administrative center however is crucial to operate or render companies underneath the contract of employment, that are explicitly exempted.

On the different hand, allowances offered to staff for working from house may very well be taxable. During the pandemic, a number of staff have obtained extra advantages in the type of furnishings and allowances. Some of them are mentioned beneath:

Reimbursement of bills to staff in relation to buy of furnishings or chair at house for work-desk could also be handled as taxable if such an allowance is offered by the employer solely to a restricted grade of staff. Alternatively, if any worker receives a capped allowance to buy the asset on his personal, the identical could also be taxable in his palms in absence of any particular exemption. In case of provision of furnishings or chair by the employer to the worker, the identical shall be handled as perquisite in the palms of the worker as per the IT legal guidelines. This could be on account of ‘use of an asset owned by the employer’. Hence, it turns into essential to each employer and worker to grasp the earnings tax ramifications beforehand.

Some employers have additionally prolonged their group medical insurance coverage insurance policies or have opted for a wider protection to assist staff with their medical emergencies. Such profit, being a common profit to all staff, may very well be handled as non-taxable for workers.
With the change in the work-culture, extra readability can also be anticipated from the decision-making authorities (the Government and tax authorities), when it comes to the taxability of such funds.

Factors to assist tax-determination:

Some decisive elements to assist decide the taxability of the allowance or reimbursement are:

  • What is the nature and objective of fee of the allowance or reimbursement?
  • Whether the fee is one-time in nature or an everyday fee?
  • Whether the allowance or reimbursement is offered to a bunch or band of staff or all staff typically?
  • In case of belongings, who’s the proprietor of the asset and if there are any situations on the use or upkeep or if in any respect there’s any time restrict connected to the utilization of the asset by the worker?

While the above responses is probably not conclusive, it helps with making a base for understanding the funds and provoke deliberation between the employer and staff. It additionally helps in setting the base for any associated compliances to be undertaken by the employer and/or worker.

These could embody:

  • Any documentation to be maintained by the employer equivalent to communication letter(s) to the staff or modifications in the organisation’s HR insurance policies
  • Documentary proofs to be maintained by staff equivalent to asset-purchase receipts or expense particulars or log for claiming of reimbursements or tax exemption
  • Compliances underneath IT legal guidelines when it comes to tax withholding and reporting by the employer to the IT authorities
  • Disclosures or reporting by the staff of their annual income-tax returns i.e. breakdown of allowances (exempt/non-exempt) or reimbursements taxable as perquisites.

Employers and staff are dealing with the modifications as they adapt to the ‘new normal’. However, enough care and documentation should be maintained to mitigate any unintended tax implications, each for workers and employers (being tax withholding agent). They additionally hope to obtain extra readability from the authorities and tax authorities, as a way to prepared their methods and guarantee compliance.

(The authors are Pranay Bhatia, Partner and Leader – Tax & Regulatory Services and Deepashree Shetty, Director – Tax & Regulatory Services, BDO India)

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