Dozens of child squid from Hawaii are in space for research.
The child Hawaiian bobtail squid have been raised on the University of Hawaii’s Kewalo Marine Laboratory and have been blasted into space earlier this month on a SpaceX resupply mission to the International Space Station.
Researcher Jamie Foster, who accomplished her doctorate on the University of Hawaii, is finding out how spaceflight impacts the squid in hopes of bolstering human well being throughout lengthy space missions, the Honolulu Star-Advertiser reported Monday.
The squid have a symbiotic relationship with pure micro organism that assist regulate their bioluminescence.
When astronauts are in low gravity their physique’s relationship with microbes modifications, mentioned University of Hawaii professor Margaret McFall-Ngai, who Foster studied beneath within the Nineteen Nineties.
“We have found that the symbiosis of humans with their microbes is perturbed in microgravity, and Jamie has shown that is true in squid,” mentioned McFall-Ngai. “And, because it’s a simple system, she can get to the bottom of what’s going wrong.”
Foster is now a Florida professor and principal investigator for a NASA program that researches how microgravity impacts the interactions between animals and microbes.
“As astronauts spend increasingly time in space, their immune methods grow to be what’s referred to as dysregulated. It doesn’t perform as effectively,” Foster said. “Their immune systems don’t recognize bacteria as easily. They sometimes get sick.”
Foster said understanding what happens to the squid in space could help solve health problems that astronauts face.
“There are aspects of the immune system that just don’t work properly under long-duration spaceflights,” she mentioned. “If people wish to spend time on the moon or Mars, we’ve got to resolve well being issues to get them there safely.”
The Kewalo Marine Laboratory breeds the squid for research tasks world wide. The tiny animals are plentiful in Hawaiian waters and are about 3 inches (7.6 centimeters) lengthy as adults.
The squid will come again to Earth in July.